History of Cartagena, Colombia: Spanish America’s Biggest Slave Port

Far too many people are unaware that the Spanish Americas received countless millions of chained African men, women and children during the Maafa. Too often when we think of African slavery in the Americas we are hoodwinked into channeling our focus toward the British North American colonies, Portuguese Brazil the British West Indies or the sovereign Black man’s pearl of Haiti.

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ROSES HAVE HIDDEN GENES THAT COULD MAKE THEM SMELL EVEN SWEETER

Roses are an ornamental plant, bred over hundreds of generations to have their distinctive shape and color. But what they gained in visual appeal they lost in their olfactory potency—that is, roses used to smell even sweeter than they do now. By manipulating some of the genes that control the rose’s fragrance, a team of French researchers has discovered new enzymes that could make roses smell more potent, according to a study published today in Science.

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