The Mali Empire (known also as the Manding Empire or Manden Kurufa) was a state that dominated West Africa between the 13th and 17th centuries. At its height of power during the 14th century, the Mali Empire ruled over an area larger than western Europe. Additionally, the Mali Empire had a sophisticated military and political system, which allowed the empire to ruler over such a large area. After this period of prosperity, however, the Mali Empire began its long decline, finally ending when it was replaced by the Bamana Empire during the 17th century.
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