On this day in history, Rosa Parks famously refused to give up her seat on the bus. However, she did far more than what most people know her for.
It is often said that those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it. In the case of Black people, there are leaders who, during troubled times, provided templates for self-empowerment, models for us to emerge from our oppression and build our own institutions. And it is incumbent upon us to learn the lessons they laid out for us, rather than reinvent the wheel. One of the foremost examples is Marcus Garvey, the father of Black Nationalism and Pan Africanism.