Alessandro de’ Medici: First Duke of Florence and First Black Head of State in the Modern Western World
We have already discussed in earlier essays the Severan Dynasty of Imperial Rome, the Moors of Spain and Kenneth the Niger of Scotland. But African blood in Europe’s royalty also appears definitely in 16th century Italy. Let us speak now of distinguished African men in the European Renaissance. Indeed, Alessandro de’ Medici, early 16th century Duke of Florence, has the distinction of being the first Black head of state in modern Western history.