A surgical team from Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore performed a total penis and scrotum transplant, the first operation of its kind anywhere in the world. Continue reading World’s First Total Penis and Scrotum Transplant Allows Patient to ‘Feel Whole Again’
Thanks to advances in medicine, bone marrow transplants are no longer the last resorts they one were. Every year, thousands of marrow transplants are performed, a common treatment for ailments from bone marrow disease to leukemia. But because they first require a patient undergo radiation to kill off any existing bone marrow stem cells, marrow transplants remain incredibly hard on a patient.
The first U.S. liver and kidney transplants from a donor with HIV were completed at Johns Hopkins Medicine.
Every year, 4,500 Americans die waiting for a kidney transplant. It’s not just because there aren’t enough donors—part of the problem is that donors need to be compatible to prevent the recipient’s body from rejecting the new kidney. They need the right blood type, but they also have to have the right combination of six antigens–molecules on a cell that have the capacity to trigger an immune response. Any two random people have a one in 100,000 chance that all six antigens will match, and even then it’s not a guarantee that the kidney won’t be rejected.